Vincent Torri on Wed, 08 Jun 2005 14:09:27 +0200 |
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Re: dumb question about rationals |
On Wed, 8 Jun 2005, Bill Allombert wrote:
On Wed, Jun 08, 2005 at 07:20:23AM +0200, Vincent Torri wrote:Hello, i've just started to use PARI (that is, the library), and I want to use the rational objects. But I have some problems. My program is quite simple : GEN r1; GEN r2; pari_init (1000000, 2); r1 = cgetg (3, t_FRAC); r2 = cgetg (3, t_FRAC); r1[1] = (long)2; r1[2] = (long)2; r2[1] = (long)2; r2[2] = (long)2; r2 = gadd (r2, r1); but, when i launch the program, i get: *** segmentation fault: bug in PARI or calling program. *** Error in the PARI system. End of program. Could you please tell me why there is this problem, and where my error(s) is (are)'r1[1] = (long)2;' is not correct, you must convert the C long integer 2 to a PARI GEN integer using stoi(). 'r1[1] = (long)stoi(2);' should work. Secondly, the numerator and the denominator must be coprime else you build a incorrect PARI object, so 2/2 is not allowed. Usually it is simpler to use gdiv() to build rational numbers. I suggest you try out GP2C. This program convert GP code to C code, so you can use it to generate example code you can reuse. For example, what you are doing is equivalent to the GP code r1=2/2; r2=2/2; r2=r1+r2; GP2C will translate it to the following C code: r1 = gdivgs(gdeux, 2); r2 = gdivgs(gdeux, 2); r2 = gadd(r1, r2);
Ok, thank you for your quick answer. My aim is to construct rationals from any long. It seems that r = gdiv (stoi (l1), stoi (l2)); is working (l1 and l2 are long int). In that case, should I construct r, that is, should I call cgetg ?If no, what is the precision of the rational ? May i change it after this operation ?
Also, I've not well undestood the use of cgetg.cgetg (N, t_FRAC) allocate a rational whose components (numerator and denominator) are coded on N*32 bits, right ?
In case that there is an overflow, does PARI increase the precision of the rational itself, or is there an error message (or something else) ?
I ask that because the computations I do lead to intermediate rationals with large coprime numerator and denominator (I don't know the limit of these numbers).
Thank you Vincent